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AI systems in clinical practice


Archive of past and current Artificial Intelligence computer systems used in clinical practice

Acknowledgement System summaries by category
Much of the content of this archive was originally developed and administered by Enrico Coiera, University of New South Wales, Australia. Used with permission. The archive was taken over in 2002 by OpenClinical who continue to maintain and extend it.  bullet  Acute care systems  bullet  Decision support systems  bullet  Educational systems  bullet  Laboratory systems  bullet  Medical Imaging  bullet  Quality assurance and administration

some highlights

PUFF Expert System for Interpretation of Pulmonary Function Data) was probably the first AI system to be used in clinical practice. Developed by Stanford University and Pacific Medical Center, it entered service in around 1979. Commercial systems that trace back to PUFF remain in use today.

HELP HELP was the first hospital information system to collect patient data needed for clinical decision-making and at the same time incorporate a medical knowledge base and inference engine to assist the clinician in making decisions"   [Gardner et al, 1999].

APACHE APACHE was one of the first medical decision support systems to be commercialised - in 1988 by Apache Medical Systems Inc, a company founded specifically to carry this out. APACHE III is today marketed by Cerner Inc.

This archive of AI systems in clinical practice was initiated and administered by Enrico Coiera in the 1990s. His original work is used with permission. Since 2002, the archive has been maintained and extended by OpenClinical.
page history
Entry on OpenClinical: 2002
Last main updates: 03 March 2004; 19 April 2005


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